Nepal contains most part of the Himalayas, the highest mountain range in the world. Eight of the fourteen 8000 ‘ders are located in the country. Some of the famous ones are listed below with their information.
|Mount Everest||8,848||29,029||Khumbu Mahalangur||Earth’s highest from sea level|
|Kangchenjunga||8,586||28,169||Northern Kangchenjunga||3rd highest on Earth|
|Lhotse||8,516||27,940||Everest Group||4th highest|
|Makalu||8,462||27,762||Makalu Mahalangur||5th highest|
|Cho Oyu||8,201||26,906||Khumbu Mahalangur||6th highest|
|Dhaulagiri I||8,167||26,795||Dhaulagiri||7th highest|
|Annapurna I||8,091||26,545||Annapurna||10th highest|
|Gyachung Kang||7,952||26,089||Khumbu Mahalangur||between Everest and Cho Oyu|
|Ngadi Chuli||7,871||25,823||Mansiri||First ascent 1970|
|Nuptse||7,861||25,791||Everest Group||319 metres prominence from Lhotse|
|Jongsong Peak||7,462||24,482||Janak||#57 in the world|
|Chamlang||7,321||24,019||Barun Mahalangur||#79 in the world|
|Langtang Lirung||7,227||23,711||Langtang||#99 in the world|
|Chamar||7,187||23,579||Sringi||First ascent 1953|
|Pumori||7,161||23,494||Khumbu Mahalangur||First ascent 1962|
|Nemjung||7,140||23,425||First ascent 1983|
|Gauri Sankar||7,134||23,406||Rolwaling||First ascent 1979|
|Tilicho Peak||7,134||23,406||Annapurna||First ascent 1979|
|Api||7,132||23,399||Yoka Pahar||First ascent 1960|
|Baruntse||7,129||23,389||Barun Mahalangur||First ascent 1954|
|Nilgiri||7,061||23,166||Nilgiri Annapurna||First ascent 1962|
|Machapuchare||6,993||22,943||Annapurna||Sacred mountain, unclimbed|
|Kang Guru||6,981||22,904||Larkya or Peri||2005 avalanche kills 18|
|Ama Dablam||6,812||22,349||Barun Mahalangur||“Mother and her necklace”|
|Kangtega||6,782||22,251||Barun Mahalangur||First ascent 1963|
|Cho Polu||6,735||22,096||Barun Mahalangur||First ascent 1999|
|Num Ri||6,677||21,906||Barun Mahalangur||First ascent 2002|
|Khumbutse||6,640||21,785||Khumbu Mahalangur||First mountain west of Everest|
|Thamserku||6,623||21,729||Barun Mahalangur||First ascent 1964|
|Taboche||6,542||21,463||Khumbu Mahalangur||First ascent 1974|
|Singu Chuli||6,501||21,329||Annapurna||Trekking peak|
|Mera Peak||6,476||21,247||Himalayas||Trekking peak|
|Hiunchuli||6,441||21,132||Annapurna||Trekking peak (difficult)|
|Cholatse||6,440||21,129||Khumbu Mahalangur||Connected to Taboche|
|Kusum Kangguru||6,367||20,889||Barun Mahalangur||Trekking peak (difficult)|
|Kongde Ri||6,187||20,299||Barun Mahalangur||Trekking peak (difficult)|
|Imja Tse||6,160||20,210||Khumbu Mahalangur||Also known as Island Peak. Popular trekking peak.|
|Lobuche||6,145||20,161||Khumbu Mahalangur||Trekking peak|
|Nirekha||6,069||19,911||Khumbu Mahalangur||Trekking peak (difficult)|
|Baden-Powell Peak||5,825||19,111||Jugal||Formerly known as Urkema Peak|
|Pokalde||5,806||19,049||Khumbu Mahalangur||Trekking peak (moderate)|
|Tharpu Chuli||5,663||18,579||Annapurna||Trekking peak|
|Kala Patthar||5,545||18,192||Khumbu Mah||Popular hiking peak below Pumori|
The Department of Immigration located at IMPACT Building, Maitighar, Kathmandu (Tel 4223590) issues permit for tourists who intend to trek on any part of the country. Trekking permits are as follows.
A trekking permit is a must to visit restricted areas mentioned below. To visit normal trekking areas, no permission is required through immigration department but other organizations or departments might have to be concerned according to the place of trekking.
Restricted Areas Which Have Been Opened For Group Trekking:
The following restricted areas are open only for group trekkers. And a trekking permit will not be issued to individual trekkers for such areas. The areas and required fees are as follows:
S.No. Trekking Trekking Permit Fee
1 i) Dolpa district Per week per person US$ 10 Or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
For the first 10 days per person US $500 and After 10 days per day per person Us$50
a) Areas of lower Dolpa
b) Areas of Upper Dolpa
ii) Taplejung District
2 Kanchanjanga Region Per week per person US$ 10 Or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
(Areas of Olangchunggola, Lelep, Papung and Yamphudin Village Development Committee)
3 Mustang district. (Upper Mustang) For the first 10 days per person US $500 and After 10 days per day per person Us$50.
4 Gorkha District From September to November per week per person US$ 70 and After 7 days per day per person US$ 10.and From December to August per week per person US$ 50 and After 7 days per day per person US$ 7 /Or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
Chhekampar & Chumchet VDC(Sirdibas-Lokpa-Cumling-Chhekampar-Nile-Chhule Area) From September to November per person US$35 for first 8 days and from December to August per person US$25 for first 8 days or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
5 Dolakha District (Gauri Shankar & Lamabagar) Per week per person US$ 10 Or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
Humla District (Simikot and Yari) For the first 7 days per person US$ 50 and After 7 days per day per person US$ 7 Or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
Areas of Limi and Muchu village Development Committee, and area way to Tibet via Tangekhola of Darma Village Development committee.
6 Rasuwa District :- Thuman and Timure Per week per person US$ 10, Or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
7 Sankhuwasabha District For the first 4 weeks per week per person US$ 10 and After 4 weeks per week per person US$ 20, Or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
(Makalu Region):-Areas of Kimathanka, Chepuwa,Hatiya and Pawakhola Village Development Committee.
8 Solukhumbu District For the first 4 weeks per week per person US$ 10 and After 4 weeks per week per person US$ 20, Or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
Makalu Region):-Areas of Kimathanka, Chepuwa,Hatiya and Pawakhola Village Development Committee.
9 Manang District:- Areas of Nar, Phu, and Northern area of Tilche Village of Thochhe Village Development Committee From September to November per week per person US$ 90 and December to August per week per person US$ 75 Or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
10 Mugu District:- Areas of Mugu, Dolpu, Pulu and Bhangri. For the first 7 days per person US $90 and After 7 days per day per person Us$15 Or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
11 Baihang District:-Areas of Kanda, Saipal, Dhuli. For the first 7 days per person US $90 and After 7 days per day per person Us$15 Or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
12 Darchula District:- Areas of Byas Village Development Committee. For the first 7 days per person US $90 and After 7 days per day per person Us$15 Or equivalent convertible foreign currency.
a. To get a group trekking permit an application form with other relevant documents should be submitted through any registered trekking agency of Nepal.
b. Trekking fee can be paid in Nepalese currency: Notwithstanding anything written in above, the Indian citizen can pay in Nepalese currency equivalent to US Dollars.
Uncertain land transport and frequent strikes create air traffic in Nepal’s sky by domestic air as Nepalese have no more alternate rather than selecting air transport.
According to the analysis of first eight months’ data of 2009 released by the Tribhuwan International Airport (TIA), passengers in the domestic aviation have increased by about 40 percent. In the first eight months of this year, 827,315 domestic passengers took flights to reach their destinations compared to 592,748 during the same period last year. The growth in the number of domestic passengers has been attributed to growing competition among the airlines prompting them to decrement their air fare by 30-40 percent.
The number of air passengers had also grown to 1,036,586 in 2008 against 916,429 in 2007, according to the Flight Permission Section (FPS) of TIA. This figure represents air passengers of 13 different airline and helicopter services. The number of passengers had declined in 2006 with their number at 882,717 down from 1,110,923 in 2005.
The rise in commercial flight movement is another reason why passengers’ numbers has significantly increased. The commercial flight movement in the first eight month of 2009 has reached 44,586 compared to 41697 of the same period last year.
During 2008, total number of flight movements (17 commercial and four non-commercials) was recorded at 69,286. This number was at 61,291 in 2006 and 68,704 in 2005. Currently, 14 commercial airline and helicopter companies are operating in the domestic sky. Pramod Pandey, marketing manager at Agni Air said that passengers’ movement in his airlines has increased by 30-40 percent during this period. “Domestic occupancy has increased by 90 percent,” said Pandey.
According to Rupesh Joshi, marketing manager of Buddha Air, there has been a drastic increase in the number of passengers this year. “Competition amongst the airlines has lowered the air fare by almost 45 percent,” said Joshi. Joshi said that Buddha’s airfare for Kathmandu-Biratnagar route had been decreased to almost 45 percent. The total passengers flying by Buddha Air until October reached about 460,000 against 300,000 during the same period last year. According to Joshi, the number of domestic passengers has increased by about 15-20 per cent and the foreigners by about 8-9 percent.
According to Pandey, foreigners’ occupancy in small aircrafts saw an increase of 20 percent in October this year. “We received 6,500 foreigners this October compared to 4,500 in the same month last year,” he said. Raj Bahadur Maharjan, manager at the FPS at the TIA said that rise in the domestic flights has caused jamming in air traffic and parking.